In order to perform painless and secure surgical prosedures, the patients receive medicines . This procedure is called "anaesthesia". Anesthesia prevents the patient from experiencing pain during surgery. On the other hand, it creates an environment where the operating surgeon can work properly. Anesthesia is an application performed by anesthetists.
General anesthesia is divided into four groups under the headings of regional anesthesia, nerve block anesthesia and local anesthesia. The anesthesia method to be used is determined according to the general health status of the patient, the presence of the accompanying diseases and the location of the operation.
The results are evaluated by the Anesthetists after the necessary tests and examinations are performed. The patient is given an appointment by discussing the risk and anesthesia method.
a- General Anestesia
The drug is injected into the vein and the patient is completely anesthetized during the operation.
b- Reginal Anestesia
Spinal and epidural anesthesia is performed by administering anesthetic agents to the channel through the spinal cord nerves in the lumbar region and comes to the fore with the help of drugs to completely eliminate consciousness.
c- Nerve Block Anestesia
Nerve block anesthesia, especially in the arm and leg surgery in this area to relieve the nerves are applied to the region to perform a painless surgical intervention.
d- Local Anestesia
It is used as a method applied in operations especially in small areas. Only the region undergoing surgery is anesthetized. The patient is conscious. The local anesthetic is injected through an injector around the area to be operated and the nerve fields are anesthetized. This is also called infiltration anesthesia.
The risk of surgery for each patient is determined by interview, physical examination and tests performed before surgery. Factors that increase the risk for surgery and patient safety are reviewed and corrected.
During surgery, heart rate, rhythm, blood pressure, blood oxygen levels are closely followed by the anesthetists. Changes in these parameters can be immediately intervened with medications.