Cataract is a disease that decreases the visual acuity and the quality of the eye lens. The phaco method applied in cataract surgery is the last point in scientific and technological developments. No needles, no sutures, no bandages after the surgery are the comfort of this method.
Who Should Have Cataract Surgery?
When visual impairment progresses enough to disturb one's daily life, cataract should be surgically removed. If the cataract is fully mature and opaque as a frosted glass, it should be treated more urgently. It is even possible for a mature cataract to swell and even to be distributed in the eye. Such changes present a danger of permanent loss of sight.
In congenital cataracts, surgery should be performed immediately when vision is prevented. Apart from this, cases requiring cataract surgery to be performed urgently are very rare. Let's not forget that after the cataract begins, it often progresses; but the feedrate is usually slow and cannot be predetermined. The timing of cataract surgery should be determined by the patient. The task of the physician is to determine how much of the patient's visual complaints are related to cataract.
Visual acuity is not the only criterion for the necessity of cataract surgery. Many patients may not complain about low visual acuity, or report that they are very uncomfortable in different light conditions, even if their vision is good. On sunny days, there are many patients who say they see less on the street, as well as automobile headlights at night, street lights with excessive flare and reflection and darkening their world. One of the visual complaints of cataract is the loss of contrast between the gray tone and the colors. Since this process takes a long time, the patient may not perceive this change in two cataracts. Failure to recognize the bumps or potholes may cause accidents when landing or descending stairs. The ophthalmologist warns his patients in this respect and asks the patient to make a decision.